Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, nominated by President Clinton; confirmed by a Senate vote of 87-9 on August 2, 1994. Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, nominated by Jimmy Carter on December 10, 1980. Chief Judge, 1990-1994.
Stephen Breyer was born August 15, 1938, in San Francisco, California, the son of Irving G. Breyer and Anne R. Breyer. He married Joanna Hare on September 4, 1967 and they had three children together: Chloe in 1969, Nell in 1971, and Michael in 1974.
Breyer attended public elementary and high school (Lowell High School) in San Francisco. When he was in high school, he accumulated several math, science and debate awards and was not surprisingly voted "most likely to succeed" by his classmates. After high school, Breyer continued on to Stanford University to earn an A.B. in 1959, graduating with honors. He then attended Oxford University, and studied economics at Magdalen College as a Marshall Scholar, where he earned a B.A. and graduated First Class Honors in 1961. Later, Breyer studied law at Harvard Law School and received a L.L.B., magna cum laude in 1964. He distinguished himself as the articles editor of the Harvard Law Review.
From 1964-1965, Breyer served as clerk to the Honorable Arthur J. Goldberg, Associate Justice, Supreme Court of the United States. He later served on the U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit from 1981, becoming chief judge in 1990.
Breyer's teaching record includes being an Assistant Professor from 1967-1970 and a Professor of Law from 1970-1980 at Harvard University; a Professor from 1977-1980, and a Lecturer from 1980-present at the Kennedy School of Government. He was also a Visiting Professor at the College of Law in Sydney, Australia in 1975 and at the University of Rome in 1993.
From 1965-1967, Breyer was Special Assistant to the Assistant Attorney General Donald Turner (Antitrust) in the Department of Justice. Other assignments include being Assistant Special Prosecutor of the Watergate Special Prosecution Force in 1973, Special Counsel on the Subcommittee on Administrative Practices of the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee in 1974-1975, Chief Counsel of the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee from 1979-1980. Breyer also served as a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States from 1990-1994, and as a member of the United States Sentencing Commission from 1985-1989.
Breaking the Vicious Circle: Toward Effective Risk Regulation (Harvard University Press (1993); Regulation and Its Reform (Harvard University Press (1982), Administrative Law and Regulatory Policy (Little Brown 3rd ed. 1992) (with Richard Stewart); The Federal Power Commission and the Regulation of Energy (with Paul MacAvoy) (Brookings 1974). Breyer has also contributed numerous articles to legal journals primarily on the subjects of administrative law and economic regulation.
Civic and Professional Activities:
Trustee: University of Massachusetts (1974-1981); Trustee: Dana Farber Cancer Institute (1977-current); Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences; American Law Institute, American Bar Association.
Breyer enjoys bicycling, jogging, cooking and reading.